Water Framework Directive

The EU Water Framework Directive (WFD) is a millstone in the history of water policies in Europe. The Directive establishes a common framework for sustainable and integrated management of all waters. It covers groundwater, inland surface waters, transitional waters and coastal waters and demands that all impact factors as well as economic implications are taken into account.

The ultimate objective of the Directive is to achieve good status of all water bodies in the EU member states and associated states by 2015. The cornerstone of WFD is the demand for integration. Though integrated water management has been the end goal for a long time, there is now a legislative encouragement to implement this concept fully within a short time frame.

The WFD requires holistic thinking and approaches to water resources management and represents the Integrated Resources Management approach of Europe. It calls for integration and interaction between water use sectors (agriculture, water supply and sanitation, industry, energy, recreation, etc) and between stakeholders (government, private sector, civil society, etc.)

The key elements of Water Framework Directive (Directive 2000/60/EC) are:

DIRECTIVE 2000/60/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL »